The Iberian people inhabited the southern part of France, the Spanish Mediterranean coast up to Portugal.
The Iberians lived as a tribal community between the 400-100 pre-Christian century. They operated trade with the Greeks and the Romans. Including honey. This was traded in clay pots throughout the Mediterranean.
The Iberians peacefully joined the Romans.
The Iberians and the honey.
The Iberians seriously improved the production and sale of honey.
They were the first people to artificially place beehives in clay pipes. For this they attached sticks inside the tube. This allowed the bees to fasten honeycombs easier and faster. To wipe the open part of the tube, a clay or cork cover was used. These lids had a small hole for the bees to fly in and out.
The problem with these beehives was that they destroyed the entire colony during the honey harvest. The honey was won by dripping and pressing.
The solution for the conservation of the bee colony after the harvest brought Langstroth in 1852. He was the discovered of the ‘bee distance’ (8-10 mm) and made the beekeeping as we know it today possible. The first form of mobile beehives was born. This allowed the honeycomb to centrifugate without harming the bees.